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Causes, Symptoms and Preventive Measures of Nail Fungus

Nail fungus is defined as an infection that gets in through cracks in your nails. When this infection starts to spread your nails may thicken, discolor and crumble at the edge. If the infection becomes painful, self-care steps and medication will be of great help. The disadvantage of nail fungus is that the infection may recur even after successful treatment. Thickened nails may be a sign of nail fungus. Discoloration of nails is also another symptom of nail fungus. If your feet smells foul or if your nails are distorted you might be suffering from nail fungus.

Nail fungus can be caused by various fungal organisms. Nail fungus is also caused yeast and mold. Nails become brittle and dry as they age. The fungus enters through the cracks created after this. Nail fungus may also be caused by poor circulation of blood to the feet. People with weak immune systems are also at a high risk of getting infected with nail fungus. The reason why nail fungus spreads fast is because it moves from one toe to another. Nail fungus also affects people who have a habit of walking barefoot in damp communal areas like swimming pools. You may suffer from nail fungus when you have a minor skin injury or nail injury.

Severe cases of nail fungus can be painful and may cause permanent damage to your nails. People with diabetes lack proper circulation of blood to the nails which makes them suffer from nail fungus. In this case a minor injury to the feet may lead to serious complications. This is why you are highly advised to see a doctor once you start suffering from nail fungus. There are different ways in which you can prevent nail fungus. Washing your hands and feet regularly is one of the ways of preventing nail fungus. You should wash your hands every time you touch your infected nail. In this case you will ensure that you won’t in any way spread the infection. Moisturize your nails immediately after you wash them. It is also important to disinfect your nail cutter before cutting your nails. Start from trimming straight across the nails and then smoothing the edges with a file whenever you decide to trim your nails. Ensure that you also file down thickened areas of your nails. Disinfect your nail cutter immediately after trimming them. You can also wear sweat-absorbing socks to prevent nail fungus. Keep changing socks throughout the day so as to avoid getting nail fungus. This is because people whose legs sweat a lot are prone to nail fungus. Wearing footwear in damp communal areas is another way of preventing nail fungus. When you buy shoes, ensure you choose those shoes with materials that breathe. Another way of avoiding nail fungus is giving up on nail polish and artificial nails.